Pigmentation is a common occurrence and while some people are born with a form of skin pigmentation such as freckles, others develop irregular or abnormal pigmentation later on in life.
There are a number of reasons why you may begin to see darker spots on your face and body but UV rays are one of the leading causes of skin pigmentation in both men and women. Skin that is damaged by the sun tends to develop hyperpigmentation or melanin pigmentation over time, with some spots only appearing a decade or two later. Pigmentation that has been caused by the sun is also referred to as sun or age spots.
Hormonal changes are another common cause of skin pigmentation. Women who are pregnant or taking birth control pills are more susceptible to a type of skin pigmentation called Melasma. Melasma is also common after menopause, which is when women tend to develop more age spots, particularly on their hands.
Pigmentation can also be genetic. Certain people, particularly those with fair skin, are born with freckles and usually have mole-prone skin too. This type of skin is very susceptible to sunburn, which is why UV protection is even more important.
Finally, injury and certain medications can lead to post-inflammatory pigmentation, which is when the skin is chronically inflamed and produces dark marks during the healing process. Certain medications and antibiotics can also cause inflammation so be sure to discuss this with your doctor if you are prone to pigmentation.
Laser treatments are a highly effective way to break down pigmentation and reduce the appearance of freckles, sun and age spots.
Clear + Brilliant, Cendela GentleLASE and the Cutera Limilight laser are some of the treatments that can be used to treat skin pigmentation on the face and body. Laser treatment can also be paired with chemical peels for the most effective results.
The lasers used at Clinica Lase are all medical-grade, which makes them safe and highly effective.